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Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2012 Jul;15(1):77-80. doi: 10.1093/icvts/ivs130. Epub 2012 Apr 11.

Surgical treatment for pulmonary aspergilloma: a 35-year experience in the Chinese population.

Author information

1
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

The surgical treatment of pulmonary aspergilloma is challenging and controversial. This study was designed to evaluate the clinical profile, indications and surgical outcomes of pulmonary aspergilloma operated on in our institute. A total of 256 patients with pulmonary aspergilloma underwent surgical treatment from 1975 to 2010. The patients were divided into two groups: Group A (simple aspergilloma, n = 96) and Group B (complex aspergilloma, n = 160). The principal underlying lung disease was tuberculosis (71.1%). The surgical procedures consisted of 212 lobectomies in both groups; eight cavernoplasties, 10 bilobectomies, 16 pneumonectomies and six thoracoplasties in Group B; four segmentectomies and six wedge resections in Group A. Postoperative complications occurred in 40 patients (15.6%). The major complications were residual pleural space (3.9%), prolonged air leak (3.1%), bronchopleural fistula (1.6%), excessive bleeding (1.6%), respiratory insufficiency (1.9%) and empyema (1.2%). No intraoperative deaths occurred. The overall mortality within 30 days post-operation was 1.2%, occurring only in Group B. There was no statistically significant difference in the postoperative morbidity between Groups A and B (P = 0.27). With the good selection of patients, meticulous surgical techniques and good postoperative management, aggressive surgical treatment with anti-fungal therapy for pulmonary aspergilloma is safe and effective, and can achieve favourable outcomes.

PMID:
22499801
PMCID:
PMC3380997
DOI:
10.1093/icvts/ivs130
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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