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J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2013 Jan;68(1):74-9. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gls093. Epub 2012 Apr 12.

Plasma beta amyloid level and depression in older adults.

Author information

1
Center for Aging and Population Health, Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. alw111@pitt.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Older adults with depression have an increased risk of developing dementia. Low plasma beta-amyloid 42 (Aβ42) and Aβ42/Aβ40 have emerged as promising biomarkers of dementia. The association between depression and plasma Aβ is unclear.

METHODS:

In this longitudinal study of 988 community-dwelling elders from the Health Aging and Body Composition study, depression was assessed with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale 10-item version. We determined the association between Aβ42 and Aβ42/Aβ40 tertile and depression at baseline and over 9 years. We also stratified the models to determine if apolipoprotein E e4 allele status modified the associations.

RESULTS:

Mean baseline age was 74.0 ± 3.0 years, 51 (5.2%) participants had depression, 545 (55.2%) were women, 531 (53.7%) were black, and 286 (30.7%) had one or more apolipoprotein E e4 allele. At baseline, there was no association between Aβ42/Aβ40 or Aβ42 and depression. Over 9 years, 220 (23.5%) participants developed depression. In adjusted Cox proportional hazards models, among those with one or more e4 allele, low Aβ42/Aβ40 was associated with an increased risk of developing depression over time (low 10.8% vs high 3.2%, hazard ratio = 2.38, 95% confidence interval: 1.15-4.92). Among those with no e4 allele, there was no association between Aβ42/Aβ40 and risk of depression over time (13.3% vs 17.5%, hazard ratio = 0.80, 95% confidence interval: 0.52-1.23; p value for interaction = .003).

CONCLUSIONS:

The association between low plasma Aβ42/Aβ40 and increased risk of incident depression among those with one or more apolipoprotein E e4 allele implies a synergistic relationship similar to that found with dementia. Future work should investigate the interrelationships among plasma Aβ42/Aβ40, depression, and dementia.

PMID:
22499763
PMCID:
PMC3598362
DOI:
10.1093/gerona/gls093
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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