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Mt Sinai J Med. 2012 Mar-Apr;79(2):199-213. doi: 10.1002/msj.21305.

Current concepts in pediatric liver transplantation.

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  • 1Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.


Liver transplantation is the definitive treatment for end-stage liver disease in both children and adults. Advances over the last 2 decades have resulted in excellent patient and graft survival rates in what were previously cases of fatal disorders. These developments have been due to innovations in surgical technique, increased surgical experience, refinements in immunosuppressive regimens, quality improvements in intraoperative anesthetic management, better understanding of the pathophysiology of the liver diseases, and better preoperative and postoperative care. Remarkably, the use of split-liver and living-related liver transplantation surgical techniques has helped mitigate the well-recognized national organ shortage. This review will discuss the major aspects of pediatric liver transplantation as it pertains to indication for transplantation, recipient selection and listing for orthotopic liver transplantation, pre-orthotopic liver transplantation care of children, optimal timing of orthotopic liver transplantation, surgical technical considerations, postoperative care and complications, and patient and graft survival outcomes.

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