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J Perinatol. 2013 Jan;33(1):45-51. doi: 10.1038/jp.2012.41. Epub 2012 Apr 12.

Early echocardiographic prediction of ductal closure in neonates ≤ 30 weeks gestation.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Children's Medical Center of Dallas, Dallas, TX 75235, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the accuracy of the patent ductus arteriosus:left pulmonary artery ratio (PDA:LPA) on echocardiogram (ECHO) at 3-day postnatal in predicting spontaneous PDA closure in neonates ≤ 30 weeks gestational age (GA).

STUDY DESIGN:

ECHOs were performed at 72 h to characterize PDA size as closed-to-small (PDA:LPA <0.5) or moderate-to-large (PDA:LPA ≥ 0.5) and at 10 days to determine spontaneous closure (defined as closed-to-small in the absence of medical and/or surgical treatment). Caretakers were blinded to results; treatment was based on standard care. Neonates were prospectively enrolled and stratified: <27 weeks (n=31) and 27 to 30 weeks (n=65).

RESULT:

Neonates <27 weeks with closed-to-small PDAs had 60% spontaneous closure vs 9% when moderate-to-large (positive predictive value (PPV) 60%, negative predictive value (NPV) 91%). Neonates 27 to 30 weeks had 95% spontaneous closure vs 27%, respectively (PPV 95%, NPV 73%). Inter-observer variability for the initial ECHO was 0.84.

CONCLUSION:

PDA size defined by PDA:LPA at 3 days postnatal in combination with GA predicts spontaneous PDA closure.

PMID:
22499084
DOI:
10.1038/jp.2012.41
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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