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Addict Behav. 2012 Jul;37(7):831-7. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.03.006. Epub 2012 Mar 13.

Smoking cessation-specific parenting and parental smoking as precursors of adolescent smoking cognitions and quitting.

Author information

1
Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. r.engels@bsi.ru.nl

Abstract

Relatively little is known about if and through which mechanisms parents influence adolescents' smoking cessation. The present study used Social Cognitive Theory as a theoretical framework to test whether parental smoking and smoking cessation-specific parenting (SCSP) predicted readiness to quit smoking and actual smoking cessation one year later. Both direct paths between parent factors and outcomes, and indirect paths via adolescents' smoking-specific cognitions (pros of smoking and quitting, and self-efficacy) were examined in a sample of 530 adolescents in the ages of 13 to 18 who smoked daily and weekly at baseline. The main findings show that although parental smoking and SCSP were significantly associated with cognitions (cross-sectionally), neither the parent factors nor cognitions predicted readiness to quit smoking or actual cessation one year later. Baseline SCSP did predict readiness to quit one year later. Parents may be more influential in shaping adolescents' beliefs and readiness to quit than in facilitating actual cessation.

PMID:
22498024
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.03.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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