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Am J Public Health. 2012 May;102 Suppl 2:S204-6. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300711.

Risk compensation: a male phenomenon? Results from a controlled intervention trial promoting helmet use among cyclists.

Author information

1
INSERM, Research Center U-897, Centre de Recherche Épidémiologie et Biostatistique, Injury Prevention and Control research team (Prévention et Prise en Charge des Traumatistmes), Bordeaux, France. antoine.messiah@isped.u-bordeaux2.fr

Abstract

Prevention tools are challenged by risky behaviors that follow their adoption. Speed increase following helmet use adoption was analyzed among bicyclists enrolled in a controlled intervention trial. Speed and helmet use were assessed by video (2621 recordings, 587 participants). Speeds were similar among helmeted and nonhelmeted female cyclists (16.5 km/h and 16.1 km/h, respectively) but not among male cyclists (helmeted: 19.2 km/h, nonhelmeted: 16.8 km/h). Risk compensation, observed only among male cyclists, was moderate, thus unlikely to offset helmet preventive efficacy.

PMID:
22497201
PMCID:
PMC3477913
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2012.300711
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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