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Res Nurs Health. 2012 Aug;35(4):419-29. doi: 10.1002/nur.21480. Epub 2012 Apr 11.

Efficacy of five-element gymnastics in glucose and lipid control in Taiwanese patients with type 2 diabetes.

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  • 1Department of Nursing, Yuan's General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.


The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to determine the efficacy of Five-Element Gymnastics (FEG) in controlling glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG) at the 8th and the 16th weeks of intervention for patients with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan. FEG consolidates several traditional Chinese exercises including Qigong, Xiang Gong, and martial arts with gymnastics. The experimental group (n = 31) practiced FEG at home for 16 weeks. The control group (n = 35) maintained usual activities. FEG was associated with decrease of HbA1C, TG, and LDL-C levels at the 8th week and continuous decrease of HbA1C through the 16th week. FEG could be an exercise choice for patients with type 2 diabetes.

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