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J Cell Physiol. 2012 Dec;227(12):3828-36. doi: 10.1002/jcp.24094.

Specificity of latent TGF-β binding protein (LTBP) incorporation into matrix: role of fibrillins and fibronectin.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology, New York University Langone School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA.

Abstract

Fibrillin microfibrils are extracellular matrix structures with essential functions in the development and the organization of tissues including blood vessels, bone, limbs and the eye. Fibrillin-1 and fibrillin-2 form the core of fibrillin microfibrils, to which multiple proteins associate to form a highly organized structure. Defining the components of this structure and their interactions is crucial to understand the pathobiology of microfibrillopathies associated with mutations in fibrillins and in microfibril-associated molecules. In this study, we have analyzed both in vitro and in vivo the role of fibrillin microfibrils in the matrix deposition of latent TGF-β binding protein 1 (LTBP-1), -3 and -4; the three LTBPs that form a complex with TGF-β. In Fbn1(-/-) ascending aortas and lungs, LTBP-3 and LTBP-4 are not incorporated into a matrix lacking fibrillin-1 microfibrils, whereas LTBP-1 is still deposited. In addition, in cultures of Fbn1(-/-) smooth muscle cells or lung fibroblasts, LTBP-3 and LTBP-4 are not incorporated into a matrix lacking fibrillin-1 microfibrils, whereas LTBP-1 is still deposited. Fibrillin-2 is not involved in the deposition of LTBP-1 in Fbn1(-/-) extracellular matrix as cells deficient for both fibrillin-1 and fibrillin-2 still incorporate LTBP-1 in their matrix. However, blocking the formation of the fibronectin network in Fbn1(-/-) cells abrogates the deposition of LTBP-1. Together, these data indicate that LTBP-3 and LTBP-4 association with the matrix depends on fibrillin-1 microfibrils, whereas LTBP-1 association depends on a fibronectin network.

PMID:
22495824
PMCID:
PMC3404192
DOI:
10.1002/jcp.24094
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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