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Nat Rev Cancer. 2012 Apr 12;12(5):335-48. doi: 10.1038/nrc3257.

The genetic architecture of multiple myeloma.

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Haemato-oncology Research Unit, Division of Molecular Pathology, The Institute of Cancer Research and Royal Marsden Hospital, 15 Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5NG, UK.


Based on the clinical features of myeloma and related malignancies of plasma cells, it has been possible to generate a model system of myeloma progression from a normal plasma cell through smouldering myeloma to myeloma and then plasma cell leukaemia. Using this model system we can study at which points the genetic alterations identified through whole-tumour molecular analyses function in the initiation and progression of myeloma. Further genetic complexity, such as intraclonal heterogeneity, and insights into the molecular evolution and intraclonal dynamics in this model system are crucial to our understandings of tumour progression, treatment resistance and the use of currently available and future treatments.

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