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Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2012 Jun;8(6):749-58. doi: 10.4161/hv.19684. Epub 2012 Apr 12.

Safety and persistence of immunological response 6 months after intramuscular vaccination with an AS03-adjuvanted H1N1 2009 influenza vaccine: an open-label, randomized trial in Japanese children aged 6 months to 17 years.

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Department of Pediatrics, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan.


This study evaluated the long-term persistence of immune response and safety of two doses of an A/California/7/2009 H1N1 pandemic influenza vaccine adjuvanted with AS03 (an α-tocopherol oil-in-water emulsion-based Adjuvant System) in Japanese children (NCT01001169). Sixty healthy subjects aged 6 mo-17 y were enrolled (1:1) into two study groups to receive 21 d apart, two doses of 1.9 µg haemagglutinin [HA]+AS03B (5.93 mg α-tocopherol) vaccine (6 mo-9 y) and 3.75 µg HA+AS03A (11.86 mg α-tocopherol) vaccine (10-17 y), respectively. Immunogenicity data (by haemagglutination inhibition [HI] and microneutralisation assays) to six months after the first vaccine dose are reported here. It was observed that following Dose 2, the HI immune response against the vaccine homologous strain induced by the two different dosages of the AS03-adjuvanted vaccine met and exceeded the US and European regulatory guidance criteria for pandemic influenza vaccines (seroprotection rate[SPR]/seroconversion rate[SCR]: 100%/100%; geometric mean fold rise GMFR: 146.8/57.1). Further, the immune response persisted for at least six months after the first vaccine dose wherein these regulatory criteria were still met (SPR: 100%/100%; SCR: 96.4%/89.7%; GMFR: 25.3/23.5). The neutralising antibody response was comparable to the HI immune response at Day 42 (vaccine response rate [VRR]: 100%/100%) and at Day 182 (VRR: 96.4%/82.8%). Overall, both vaccine dosages had a clinically acceptable safety profile. Thus, two doses of a 1.9 µg or 3.75 µg HA AS03-adjuvanted H1N1 2009 pandemic influenza vaccine in children aged 6 mo-17 y induced strong immune responses against the vaccine homologous strain that persisted for at least six months after the first vaccine dose.

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