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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 Jun;73(2):144-8. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2012.02.018. Epub 2012 Apr 10.

Epidemiologic cutoff values for triazole drugs in Cryptococcus gattii: correlation of molecular type and in vitro susceptibility.

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Mycotic Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA.


Cryptococcus gattii causes infection in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide but has garnered increased attention since its 1999 emergence in North America. C. gattii can be divided into 4 molecular types that may represent cryptic species. Recent evidence has shown that azole antifungal MIC values differ among these molecular types. We tested a large collection of C. gattii isolates for susceptibility to 4 azole drugs. We found that isolates of molecular type VGII have the highest geometric mean (GM) fluconazole MIC values (8.6 μg/mL), while isolates of molecular type VGI have the lowest (1.7 μg/mL). For fluconazole, itraconazole, and voriconazole GM MIC values, VGI < VGIII < VGIV < VGII. The GM MIC values for posaconazole were similarly represented across molecular types, with the exception that VGII < VGIII and VGIV. We used the MIC values to establish preliminary epidemiologic cutoff values for each azole and molecular type of C. gattii.

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