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Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol. 2012 May-Jun;47(3):297-313. doi: 10.3109/10409238.2012.675644. Epub 2012 Apr 12.

Multiple cellular mechanisms prevent chromosomal rearrangements involving repetitive DNA.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-2703, USA.

Abstract

Repetitive DNA is present in the eukaryotic genome in the form of segmental duplications, tandem and interspersed repeats, and satellites. Repetitive sequences can be beneficial by serving specific cellular functions (e.g. centromeric and telomeric DNA) and by providing a rapid means for adaptive evolution. However, such elements are also substrates for deleterious chromosomal rearrangements that affect fitness and promote human disease. Recent studies analyzing the role of nuclear organization in DNA repair and factors that suppress non-allelic homologous recombination (NAHR) have provided insights into how genome stability is maintained in eukaryotes. In this review, we outline the types of repetitive sequences seen in eukaryotic genomes and how recombination mechanisms are regulated at the DNA sequence, cell organization, chromatin structure, and cell cycle control levels to prevent chromosomal rearrangements involving these sequences.

PMID:
22494239
PMCID:
PMC3337352
DOI:
10.3109/10409238.2012.675644
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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