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J R Soc Interface. 2012 Oct 7;9(75):2688-95. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2012.0060. Epub 2012 Apr 4.

Effect of solid surface charge on the binding behaviour of a metal-binding peptide.

Author information

1
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Maslak 34469, Turkey.

Abstract

Over the last decade, solid-binding peptides have been increasingly used as molecular building blocks coupling bio- and nanotechnology. Despite considerable research being invested in this field, the effects of many surface-related parameters that define the binding of peptide to solids are still unknown. In the quest to control biological molecules at solid interfaces and, thereby, tailoring the binding characteristics of the peptides, the use of surface charge of the solid surface may probably play an important role, which then can be used as a potential tuning parameter of peptide adsorption. Here, we report quantitative investigation on the viscoelastic properties and binding kinetics of an engineered gold-binding peptide, 3RGBP(1), adsorbed onto the gold surface at different surface charge densities. The experiments were performed in aqueous solutions using an electrochemical dissipative quartz crystal microbalance system. Hydrodynamic mass, hydration state and surface coverage of the adsorbed peptide films were determined as a function of surface charge density of the gold metal substrate. Under each charged condition, binding of 3rGBP(1) displayed quantitative differences in terms of adsorbed peptide amount, surface coverage ratio and hydration state. Based on the intrinsically disordered structure of the peptide, we propose a possible mechanism for binding of the peptide that can be used for tuning surface adsorption in further studies. Controlled alteration of peptide binding on solid surfaces, as shown here, may provide novel methods for surface functionalization used for bioenabled processing and fabrication of future micro- and nanodevices.

PMID:
22491974
PMCID:
PMC3427497
DOI:
10.1098/rsif.2012.0060
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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