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J Thromb Haemost. 2012 Jun;10(6):1133-41. doi: 10.1111/j.1538-7836.2012.04734.x.

ITAM receptor-mediated generation of reactive oxygen species in human platelets occurs via Syk-dependent and Syk-independent pathways.

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1
Australian Centre for Blood Diseases, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. jane.arthur@monash.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Ligation of the platelet-specific collagen receptor, GPVI/FcRγ, causes rapid, transient disulfide-dependent homodimerization, and the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by the NADPH oxidase, linked to GPVI via TRAF4.

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of early signaling events in ROS generation following engagement of either GPVI/FcRγ or a second immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-containing receptor on platelets, FcγRIIa.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Using an H(2) DCF-DA-based flow cytometric assay to measure intracellular ROS, we show that treatment of platelets with either the GPVI agonists, collagen-related peptide (CRP) or convulxin (Cvx), or the FcγRIIa agonist 14A2, increased intraplatelet ROS; other platelet agonists such as ADP and TRAP did not. Basal ROS in platelet-rich plasma from 14 healthy donors displayed little inter-individual variability. CRP, Cvx or 14A2 induced an initial burst of ROS within 2 min followed by additional ROS reaching a plateau after 15-20 min. The Syk inhibitor BAY61-3606, which blocks ITAM-dependent signaling, had no effect on the initial ROS burst, but completely inhibited the second phase.

CONCLUSIONS:

Together, these results show for the first time that ROS generation downstream of GPVI or FcγRIIa consists of two distinct phases: an initial Syk-independent burst followed by additional Syk-dependent generation.

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