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J Small Anim Pract. 2012 May;53(5):273-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5827.2011.01202.x. Epub 2012 Apr 10.

Effect of signalment on the presentation of canine patients suffering from cranial cruciate ligament disease.

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1
Northwest Surgeons, Delamere House, Ashville Point, Sutton Weaver, Cheshire WA7 3FW.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effect of signalment on the incidence and presentation of patients suffering from cranial cruciate ligament disease.

METHODS:

Data relating to 426 dogs (44 breeds) that met specific selection criteria were obtained from the hospital archive (2002 to 2008). Cases were followed up for 2 years.

RESULTS:

The breeds most commonly presented with cranial cruciate ligament disease were Labrador retriever (16%), Rottweiler (15%), golden retriever (12%) and boxer (9%). Rottweilers were significantly more likely (69%; P=0·05) to develop and present with (50%; P=0·03) bilateral cranial cruciate ligament disease. Rottweilers presenting with cranial cruciate ligament disease were significantly younger (median 977 days; P<0·0001) than other breeds; golden retrievers being significantly older at presentation (median 1994 days; P=0·004). Neither sex nor neutered status significantly affected the incidence of developing (P=0·77 and P=0·30, respectively) or presenting with (P=0·62 and P=0·35, respectively) bilateral cranial cruciate ligament disease. Entire dogs were significantly younger than neutered dogs at presentation (P=0·0004). Entire female dogs presented significantly younger than neutered females (P=0·0002), entire males (P=0·01) and neutered males (P=0·0001).

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE:

Breed affects the incidence of developing and presenting with bilateral cranial cruciate ligament disease. Breed and sex both affect the age that patients present with cranial cruciate ligament disease.

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