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Chemistry. 2012 May 21;18(21):6542-7. doi: 10.1002/chem.201103423. Epub 2012 Apr 4.

Formation of columnar liquid crystals on the basis of unconventional triazine-based dendrimers by the C3-symmetric approach.

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Department of Applied Chemistry, National Chi Nan University, No.1 University Rd., Puli, Nantou, Taiwan.


Two series of unconventional triazine-based dendrimers with C(2) symmetry and C(3) symmetry were prepared. The newly prepared C(3)-symmetrical dendrimers were characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and elemental analysis. Differential scanning calorimetry, polarizing microscopy, and powder XRD showed that the C(3)-symmetrical dendrimers display columnar liquid-crystalline phases during thermal treatment, but the C(2)-symmetrical dendrimers were not observed to behave correspondingly. The molecular conformations of C(3)- and C(2)-symmetrical dendrimers were obtained by computer simulation with the MM2 model of the CaChe program in the gas phase. The simulation results reasonably explain the different mesogenicities of C(3)- and C(2)-symmetric dendrimers. This new strategy should be applicable to other types of unconventional dendrimers with rigid frameworks for displaying columnar liquid-crystalline behavior.


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