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J Orthop Trauma. 2012 Sep;26(9):499-505. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0b013e31824133e3.

Negative pressure wound therapy reduces deep infection rate in open tibial fractures.

Author information

1
Faculty of Medicine, Nursing, and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. martyblum@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the effect of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) on deep infection rate in open tibial fractures.

DESIGN:

Retrospective cohort study. Data was collected from medical records and radiographs.

SETTING:

Two level-1 trauma centers.

PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:

Patients who sustained an open tibial fracture which underwent delayed soft tissue coverage between January 2002 and December 2007 were included. Exclusion criteria included open fractures receiving a combination of NPWT and conventional dressings, fractures which were treated with a primary amputation, and fractures associated with mortality.

INTERVENTION:

: NPWT with reticulated open cell foam or conventional dressings at surgeon's discretion.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENT:

Deep infection rate.

RESULTS:

A total of 229 open tibial fractures in 220 patients met the inclusion criteria and received either NPWT (166/229-72%) or conventional dressings (63/229-28%). There was a decreased rate of deep infection in the NPWT group compared with the conventional dressing group [8.4% (14/166) vs. 20.6% (13/63); P = 0.01]. Univariate predictors of deep infection included Gustilo type {odds ratio (OR): 3.13 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.74-5.64]; P < 0.001} and use of NPWT [OR: 0.35 (95% CI: 0.16-0.80); P = 0.01]. When adjustment was performed for Gustilo type with multivariate analysis, use of NPWT was found to reduce the risk of deep infection by almost 80% [OR: 0.22 (95% CI: 0.09-0.55); P = 0.001].

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that NPWT reduces the rate of deep infection when used for the dressing of traumatic wounds in open tibial fractures.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

PMID:
22487900
DOI:
10.1097/BOT.0b013e31824133e3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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