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Free Radic Res. 2012 Jul;46(7):815-30. doi: 10.3109/10715762.2012.683431. Epub 2012 May 3.

Arjunolic acid: beneficial role in type 1 diabetes and its associated organ pathophysiology.

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Department of Pediatrics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA.


In this review article, we describe the most recent development of the beneficial effect of arjunolic acid (AA) in reducing type 1 diabetic pathophysiology. Diabetic mellitus is a serious and growing health problem worldwide. Increasing evidence suggest that oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of diabetes and its associated complications. Use of antioxidant supplements as a complimentary therapeutic approach in diabetes has, therefore, been seriously considered worldwide. AA, a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid saponin, is well known for various biological functions including antioxidant activity. It could prevent the increased production of ROS, RNS, AGEs, and the 8OHdG/2dG ratio and increase the intracellular antioxidant defence system. Signal transduction studies showed that AA could prevent hyperglycaemia induced activation of MAPKs, PKC, NF-κB signalling cascades and apoptotic cell death. Combining, AA supplements could be regarded as beneficial therapeutics in the treatment of diabetes and its associated complications.

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