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Eur J Inorg Chem. 2011 Apr;2011(10):1531-1534. Epub 2011 Feb 23.

Strongly Phosphorescent Iridium(III)-Porphyrins - New Oxygen Indicators with Tuneable Photophysical Properties and Functionalities.

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Institute of Analytical Chemistry and Food Chemistry, Graz University of Technology Stremayrgasse 9, 8010 Graz, Austria, /873-32502 E-mail:


Synthesis and characterization of four iridium(III)-octaethylporphyrins and a π-extended iridium(III)-benzoporphyrin are presented. Strong room-temperature phosphorescence was observed for all of the complexes with quantum yields of up to 30 %. Axial ligands were introduced to tune the photophysical properties and the solubility. Complexes bearing lipophilic ligands such as pyridine or N-(n-butyl)imidazole were incorporated into polystyrene to obtain optical oxygen sensors. Covalent coupling of the dye is possible by introduction of ligands with binding domains (1-imidazoleacetic acid). This enabled preparation of a water-soluble oxygen probe (by staining bovine serum albumin) and a trace oxygen sensor (by coupling to amino-modified silica gel).

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