Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Chang Gung Med J. 2012 Jan-Feb;35(1):15-27.

Adhesion family of G protein-coupled receptors and cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. hhlin@mail.cgu.edu.tw

Abstract

The adhesion-class G protein-coupled receptors (adhesion-GPCRs) constitute the second largest GPCR sub-family in humans. Adhesion-GPCRs are defined by the chimeric structure of an unusually large extracellular cell-adhesion domain and a GPCR-like seven-pass transmembrane domain. Adhesion-GPCRs are hence expected to display both cellular adhesion and signaling functions in many biological systems. Adhesion-GPCRs are normally expressed in the central nervous, immune, and reproductive systems in a cell type- or tissue-restricted fashion. However, aberrant expression of distinct adhesion-GPCR molecules has been identified in various human cancers with some of the receptors closely associated with cancer development. Tumor-associated adhesion-GPCRs are thought to involve in tumorigenesis by affecting the growth of tumor cells, angiogenesis, tumor cell migration, invasion and metastasis either positively or negatively. Furthermore, some adhesion-GPCRs are considered potential biomarkers for specific types of cancers. In this review article, the expressional characteristics and functional role of cancer-associated adhesion-GPCRs are discussed in depth.

PMID:
22483424
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Chang Gung Medical Hospital
Loading ...
Support Center