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CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets. 2012 May;11(3):236-50.

The role of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene in personality and related psychopathological disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Bonn, Germany. christian.montag@uni-bonn-diff.de

Abstract

This review provides a short overview of the most significant biologically oriented theories of human personality. Personality concepts of Eysenck, Gray and McNaughton, Cloninger and Panksepp will be introduced and the focal evidence for the heritability of personality will be summarized. In this context, a synopsis of a large number of COMT genetic association studies (with a focus on the COMT Val158Met polymorphism) in the framework of the introduced biologically oriented personality theories will be given. In line with the theory of a continuum model between healthy anxious behavior and related psychopathological behavior, the role of the COMT gene in anxiety disorders will be discussed. A final outlook considers new research strategies such as genetic imaging and epigenetics for a better understanding of human personality.

PMID:
22483293
PMCID:
PMC4345409
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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