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Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Mar;51(1):77-82. doi: 10.1016/j.tjog.2012.01.015.

Trisomy 7 mosaicism at amniocentesis: interphase FISH, QF-PCR, and aCGH analyses on uncultured amniocytes for rapid distinguishing of true mosaicism from pseudomosaicism.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Mackay Medical College, New Taipei City, Taiwan. cpc_mmh@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To present prenatal diagnosis of true trisomy 7 mosaicism.

MATERIALS, METHODS AND RESULTS:

A 36-year-old woman underwent amniocentesis at 18 weeks of gestation. Amniocentesis revealed a karyotype of 47,XY,+7[20]/46,XY[9]. The parental karyotypes were normal. Repeated amniocentesis was performed at 20 weeks of gestation. Array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) analysis on uncultured amniocytes manifested a genomic gain in chromosome 7. Quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR) analysis on uncultured amniocytes showed a biparental diallelic pattern with a dosage increase in the maternal allele. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on uncultured amniocytes revealed three 7q-specific signals in 13 of 50 (26%) of the cells. The cultured amniocytes had a karyotype of 47,XY,+7[12]/46,XY[14]. The ultrasound findings were unremarkable. The pregnancy was subsequently terminated, and a fetus was delivered with facial dysmorphisms. Postnatal tissue samplings revealed the mosaic trisomy 7 level of 37.5% (15/40), 30% (12/40), 42.5% (17/40), 82.5% (33/40), 52.5% (21/40), and 27.5% (11/40) in skin, liver, lungs, placenta, membrane, and cord, respectively. The cord blood had a karyotype of 46,XY. PEG1/MEST methylation-sensitive high-resolution melting PCR assay of cord blood showed no uniparental disomy for chromosome 7.

CONCLUSION:

Interphase FISH, QF-PCR, and aCGH analyses on uncultured amniocytes are useful for rapid distinguishing of true mosaicism from pseudomosaicism for trisomy 7 at amniocentesis. Cord blood sampling for confirmation of fetal trisomy 7 mosaicism is not practical.

PMID:
22482973
DOI:
10.1016/j.tjog.2012.01.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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