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Curr Opin Virol. 2012 Apr;2(2):122-7. doi: 10.1016/j.coviro.2012.01.007. Epub 2012 Mar 20.

Structure and cell biology of archaeal virus STIV.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Abstract

Recent investigations of archaeal viruses have revealed novel features of their structures and life cycles when compared to eukaryotic and bacterial viruses, yet there are structure-based unifying themes suggesting common ancestral relationships among dsDNA viruses in the three kingdoms of life. Sulfolobus solfataricus and the infecting virus Sulfolobus turreted icosahedral virus (STIV) is one of the well-established model systems to study archaeal virus replication and viral-host interactions. Reliable laboratory conditions to propagate STIV and available genetic tools allowed structural characterization of the virus and viral components that lead to the proposal of common capsid ancestry with PRD1 (bacteriophage), Adenovirus (eukaryotic virus) and PBCV (chlorellavirus). Microarray and proteomics approaches systematically analyzed viral replication and the corresponding host responses. Cellular cryo-electron tomography and thin-section EM studies uncovered the assembly and maturation pathway of STIV and revealed dramatic cellular ultra-structure changes upon infection. The viral-induced pyramid-like protrusions on cell surfaces represent a novel viral release mechanism and previously uncharacterized functions in viral replication.

PMID:
22482708
PMCID:
PMC3322382
DOI:
10.1016/j.coviro.2012.01.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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