Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nature. 2012 Apr 4;484(7392):49-54. doi: 10.1038/nature10915.

Global warming preceded by increasing carbon dioxide concentrations during the last deglaciation.

Author information

1
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA. shakun@fas.harvard.edu

Abstract

The covariation of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) concentration and temperature in Antarctic ice-core records suggests a close link between CO(2) and climate during the Pleistocene ice ages. The role and relative importance of CO(2) in producing these climate changes remains unclear, however, in part because the ice-core deuterium record reflects local rather than global temperature. Here we construct a record of global surface temperature from 80 proxy records and show that temperature is correlated with and generally lags CO(2) during the last (that is, the most recent) deglaciation. Differences between the respective temperature changes of the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere parallel variations in the strength of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation recorded in marine sediments. These observations, together with transient global climate model simulations, support the conclusion that an antiphased hemispheric temperature response to ocean circulation changes superimposed on globally in-phase warming driven by increasing CO(2) concentrations is an explanation for much of the temperature change at the end of the most recent ice age.

PMID:
22481357
DOI:
10.1038/nature10915
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center