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Addict Behav. 1990;15(5):423-30.

Alcohol-related cognitions: do they predict treatment outcome?

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University of California, San Francisco 94105.


Relationships have been reported between alcohol-related cognitions and a range of demographic, drinking behavior, and drinking problem variables. There has been speculation that such cognitions might help predict treatment outcome. We investigated the ability of one class of alcohol-related cognitions--motivations (specifically, reasons for limiting drinking)--to predict the outcomes of a secondary prevention program. Heavily drinking university men were randomly assigned to three groups with different intensities of self-regulation training. Data from the combined sample (n = 40) were analyzed, since outcomes did not differ significantly by treatment level. Four motivation factors, alcohol consumption variables, and alcohol-related problems were assessed pre and posttreatment. Multiple regression analyses were used to assess the ability of pretreatment motivations to predict change on selected outcome measures. Two motivational factors were found significantly and differently related to program outcomes. Implications of these findings for future research and treatment effectiveness are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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