Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Colorectal Dis. 2012 Nov;27(11):1401-8. doi: 10.1007/s00384-012-1461-3. Epub 2012 Apr 3.

Clinical correlations of miR-21 expression in colorectal cancer patients and effects of its inhibition on DLD1 colon cancer cells.

Author information

Department of Comprehensive Cancer Care, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Zluty kopec 7, 656 53 Brno, Czech Republic.



MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is one of the miRNAs that are frequently and highly overexpressed in tumor tissue of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients; however, only a little is known about its functional role in CRC.


We examined the expression level of miR-21 in 44 paired samples of tumoral and non-tumoral colon tissues diagnosed for CRC using TaqMan real-time PCR method. Furthermore, we used miR-21 inhibitor (anti-miR-21) to transient knockdown of miR-21 in DLD-1 colon cancer cells and examined the effects of miR-21 silencing on viability, apoptosis, chemosensitivity, cell cycle, and migration of DLD1 cells.


The expression levels of miR-21 were significantly increased in CRC tumor tissue (P < 0.0001). Significant differences in miR-21 levels were observed also between CRC tissues of patients with CRC in different clinical stages: I vs. II (P = 0.033) and I vs. IV (P = 0.021). Kaplan-Meier analysis proved that the miR-21 expression levels are correlated to shorter overall survival of CRC patients (P = 0.0341). MiR-21 silencing in DLD1 cell line had no effect on the cell viability; however, when combined with chemotherapeutics (5-FU, L-OHP, and SN38), it contributed to the decrease of cell viability. Suppression of miR-21 decreased cell migration ability of DLD-1 cells by nearly 30 % (P = 0.016).


We have confirmed the overexpression of miR-21 in CRC samples and its correlation with advanced disease and shorter overall survival. These findings could be described in part by the fact that CRC cells with increased expression of miR-21 have higher migration ability.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center