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Trends Biochem Sci. 2012 May;37(5):206-14. doi: 10.1016/j.tibs.2012.03.001. Epub 2012 Apr 3.

Mammalian mismatch repair: error-free or error-prone?

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Institute of Molecular Cancer Research of the University of Zurich, Switzerland.


A considerable surge of interest in the mismatch repair (MMR) system has been brought about by the discovery of a link between Lynch syndrome, an inherited predisposition to cancer of the colon and other organs, and malfunction of this key DNA metabolic pathway. This review focuses on recent advances in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of canonical MMR, which improves replication fidelity by removing misincorporated nucleotides from the nascent DNA strand. We also discuss the involvement of MMR proteins in two other processes: trinucleotide repeat expansion and antibody maturation, in which MMR proteins are required for mutagenesis rather than for its prevention.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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