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J Adolesc. 2012 Dec;35(6):1527-36. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.02.013. Epub 2012 Apr 2.

Friendship 2.0: adolescents' experiences of belonging and self-disclosure online.

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1
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. katharine_davis@mail.harvard.edu

Abstract

This study explores the role that digital media technologies play in adolescents' experiences of friendship and identity. The author draws on findings from in-depth interviews with 32 adolescents (15 girls, 17 boys) ages 13-18 (M = 15.5 years) attending one of seven secondary schools in Bermuda. The adolescents were asked to describe the nature of their online exchanges with friends and the value they ascribe to these conversations. A thematic analysis of their responses revealed that online peer communications promote adolescents' sense of belonging and self-disclosure, two important peer processes that support identity development during adolescence. At the same time, the unique features of computer-mediated communication shape adolescents' experiences of these processes in distinct ways. Gender and age differences show that adolescents' online peer communications are not uniform; the characteristics that distinguish adolescents offline also shape their online activities.

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