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Neuroepidemiology. 2012;38(3):154-63. doi: 10.1159/000335701. Epub 2012 Mar 29.

Epidemiological study and clinical profile of Parkinson's disease in the Assiut Governorate, Egypt: a community-based study.

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Department of Neurology, Assiut University Hospital, Assiut, Egypt.



Few comprehensive epidemiological studies of the prevalence of Parkinson's disease (PD) have been undertaken in Arab countries, and none has been carried out in Egypt. A community-based survey was conducted in the Assiut Governorate to estimate the prevalence and clinical profile of PD.


A community-based study was carried out, with random sampling of 7 districts, involving 6,498 inhabitants. Out of this sample, 578 subjects dropped out, leaving 3,066 males (51.8%) and 2,854 females (48.2%). There were 3,660 urban residents (61.8%) and 2,260 (38.2%) from the rural community. Patients were evaluated using a screening questionnaire, the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale and the Non-Motor Symptoms Scale for PD.


Thirty-nine subjects were found to have parkinsonism, giving a crude prevalence rate of 659/100,000 inhabitants. Of these subjects, 33 were diagnosed with PD (21 males), with a mean age of 66.9 ± 8.4 years, a crude prevalence rate of 557/100,000 and an age-specific prevalence rate (≥50 years old) of 2,748/100,000. There were more males than females (3,395 vs. 1,989/100,000), but the difference was not significant. The highest age-specific prevalence rate was recorded among subjects 70-79 years old (7,263/100,000). There was a significantly higher prevalence among rural than urban inhabitants (973 vs. 301/100,000) and among illiterate than literate persons (1,103 vs. 280/100,000). The clinical profile of our patients was similar to that of other populations but was characterized by a high prevalence of mood/cognition dysfunction and gastrointestinal symptoms; there were few reported perceptual problems.


The overall prevalence of PD was high, especially in older adults.

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