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J Crohns Colitis. 2013 Mar;7(2):e29-34. doi: 10.1016/j.crohns.2012.03.003. Epub 2012 Apr 1.

Serum anti-Müllerian hormone levels are lower in reproductive-age women with Crohn's disease compared to healthy control women.

Author information

1
Haydarpaşa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology, Turkey. ebubekirsenates@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM:

Crohn's disease (CD) decreases fertility both directly, by inducing inflammation in the fallopian tubes and ovaries, and indirectly, through the surgical interventions and tubal adhesions associated with disease treatment. Anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) is a reliable indicator of ovarian reserve in women. We aimed to compare serum AMH levels between reproductive-age women with CD and healthy controls.

METHODS:

Serum AMH levels were measured by ELISA in 35 women with CD and 35 age-matched healthy women controls.

RESULTS:

CD patients and controls were similar in terms of age, height, weight and BMI. Mean CD duration was 60 months. CRP, ESR and leukocyte counts were significantly higher in CD patients compared to the controls (p<0.001, p=0.004 and p=0.04, respectively). AMH levels in CD patients (1.02 ± 0.72) were significantly lower compared to the controls (1.89 ± 1.80) (p = 0.009). Serum AMH levels in CD patients with active disease (0.33 ± 0.25) were significantly lower compared to CD patients who were in remission (1.53 ± 0.49) (p = 0.001). Serum AMH levels were similar in CD patients with a disease duration of less than 5 years (17 patients) and CD patients with a disease duration of greater than 5 years (18 patients) (p = 0.8). In CD patients, a negative correlation between CDAI and serum AMH levels was found (r = -0.718, p < 0.001). Serum AMH levels were similar in CD patients who had (6 patients) and had not undergone (29 patients) surgical treatment (p = 0.2).

CONCLUSION:

Serum AMH levels of reproductive-age women with CD were significantly lower compared to the controls. CDAI and AMH are inversely correlated.

PMID:
22472089
DOI:
10.1016/j.crohns.2012.03.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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