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J Chem Inf Model. 2012 Apr 23;52(4):984-95. doi: 10.1021/ci200501p. Epub 2012 Apr 13.

Ligand aligning method for molecular docking: alignment of property-weighted vectors.

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Department of Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, Republic of Korea.


To reduce searching effort in conformational space of ligand docking positions, we propose an algorithm that generates initial binding positions of the ligand in a target protein, based on the property-weighted vector (P-weiV), the three-dimensional orthogonal vector determined by the molecular property of hydration-free energy density. The alignment of individual P-weiVs calculated separately for the ligand and the protein gives the initial orientation of a given ligand conformation relative to an active site; these initial orientations are then ranked by simple energy functions, including solvation. Because we are using three-dimensional orthogonal vectors to be aligned, only four orientations of ligand positions are possible for each ligand conformation, which reduces the search space dramatically. We found that the performance of P-weiV compared favorably to the use of principle moment of inertia (PMI) as implemented in LigandFit when we tested the abilities of the two approaches to correctly predict 205 protein-ligand complex data sets from the PDBBind database. P-weiV correctly predicted the alignment of ligands (within rmsd of 2.5 Å) with 57.6% reliability (118/205) for the top 10 ranked conformations and with 74.1% reliability (152/205) for the top 50 ranked conformations of Catalyst-generated conformers, as compared to 22.9% (47/205) and 31.2% (64/205), respectively, in the case of PMI with the same conformer set.

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