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Front Syst Neurosci. 2012 Mar 26;6:14. doi: 10.3389/fnsys.2012.00014. eCollection 2012.

Novel chalcone-based fluorescent human histamine h(3) receptor ligands as pharmacological tools.

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ZAFES/CMP/ICNF, Biocenter, Institute of Pharmaceutical ChemistryJohann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany.


Novel fluorescent chalcone-based ligands at human histamine H(3) receptors (hH(3)R) have been designed, synthesized, and characterized. Compounds described are non-imidazole analogs of ciproxifan with a tetralone motif. Tetralones as chemical precursors and related fluorescent chalcones exhibit affinities at hH(3)R in the same concentration range like the reference antagonist ciproxifan (hH(3)R pK(i) value of 7.2). Fluorescence characterization of our novel ligands shows emission maxima about 570 nm for yellow fluorescent chalcones and ≥600 nm for the red fluorescent derivatives. Interferences to cellular autofluorescence could be excluded. All synthesized chalcone compounds could be used to visualize hH(3)R proteins in stably transfected HEK-293 cells using confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscopy. These novel fluorescent ligands possess high potential to be used as pharmacological tools for hH(3)R visualization in different tissues.


fluorescence confocal laser scanning microscopy; fluorescent ligand; human histamine H3 receptor; pharmacological tool

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