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Oncotarget. 2012 Mar;3(3):327-35.

Stratification of Wilms tumor by genetic and epigenetic analysis.

Author information

1
Division of Genetics and Epidemiology, Institute of Cancer Research and Royal Marsden Hospital, Sutton, UK.

Abstract

Somatic defects at five loci, WT1, CTNNB1, WTX, TP53 and the imprinted 11p15 region, are implicated in Wilms tumor, the commonest childhood kidney cancer. In this study we analysed all five loci in 120 Wilms tumors. We identified epigenetic 11p15 abnormalities in 69% of tumors, 37% were H19 epimutations and 32% were paternal uniparental disomy (pUPD). We identified mutations of WTX in 32%, CTNNB1 in 15%, WT1 in 12% and TP53 in 5% of tumors. We identified several significant associations: between 11p15 and WTX (P=0.007), between WT1 and CTNNB1 (P less than 0.001), between WT1 and pUPD 11p15 (P=0.01), and a strong negative association between WT1 and H19 epimutation (P less than 0.001). We next used these data to stratify Wilms tumor into three molecular Groups, based on the status at 11p15 and WT1. Group 1 tumors (63%) were defined as 11p15-mutant and WT1-normal; a third also had WTX mutations. Group 2 tumors (13%) were WT1-mutant. They either had 11p15 pUPD or were 11p15-normal. Almost all had CTNNB1 mutations but none had H19 epimutation. Group 3 tumors (25%) were defined as 11p15-normal and WT1-normal and were typically normal at all five loci (P less than 0.001). We also identified a novel clinical association between H19 epimutation and bilateral disease (P less than 0.001). These data provide new insights into the pattern, order, interactions and clinical associations of molecular events in Wilms tumor.

PMID:
22470196
PMCID:
PMC3359888
DOI:
10.18632/oncotarget.468
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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