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Metabolism. 1990 Dec;39(12):1325-33.

Effects of insulin on glucagon-stimulated glucose production in the conscious dog.

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Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nasvhille, TN 37232-0615.


The relative importance of insulin and glucagon as primary regulators of glucose metabolism in vivo was assessed in 18-hour fasted conscious dogs. Glucose turnover was determined using [3-3H]glucose and gluconeogenesis was assessed using tracer ([14C]alanine) and A-V difference techniques during a 40-minute control period and a 3-hour period during which various hormonal perturbations were brought about. During the infusion of somatostatin and basal intraportal replacement amounts of insulin and glucagon for the entire study, the plasma glucose concentration (109 +/- 5 mg/dL), glucose production (3.24 +/- 0.30 mg/kg/min), and glucose utilization (3.17 +/- 0.32 mg/kg/min) remained unchanged. When the glucagon infusion rate was increased fourfold at the end of the control period, the plasma glucose level increased from 107 +/- 4 to 225 +/- 23 mg/dL by 1 hour and remained elevated. Glucose production increased from 3.14 +/- 0.29 to 7.66 +/- 0.51 mg/kg/min by 15 minutes and decreased to 4.23 +/- 0.35 mg/kg/min by 3 hours. Glucose utilization rose from a basal value of 3.20 +/- 0.26 to 5.46 +/- 0.27 mg/kg/min by 3 hours. When a fourfold increase in the insulin infusion rate was brought about at the end of the control period, glucose production decreased from 2.83 +/- 0.20 to 1.16 +/- 0.57 mg/kg/min by 1 hour, after which it increased slightly (1.62 +/- 0.81 mg/kg/min). Glucose utilization increased from 2.92 +/- 0.30 to 8.12 +/- 1.12 mg/kg/min by 3 hours. Euglycemia was maintained by glucose infusion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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