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J Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Apr;29(2):174-80. doi: 10.1097/WNP.0b013e31824e1013.

Pattern and motion-related visual-evoked potentials in neuroborreliosis: follow-up study.

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1
Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Charles University, Czech Republic. szanyi@lfhk.cuni.cz

Abstract

Visual-evoked potentials (VEPs) were used for objective testing of visual functions during treatment courses of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) in adult patients in the Czech Republic. In 30 LNB patients with originally delayed VEP latencies, pattern-reversal (R-VEP) and motion onset (M-VEP) VEPs were repeatedly examined within 1 to 8 years. Six patients had Lyme optic neuritis (ON), five of them displayed prolonged latencies in both R-VEPs and M-VEPs, and one had only abnormal R-VEPs. The VEP recovery to normal latency values was in three of them. In the group of 24 LNB patients without ON, 14 patients displayed prolonged latencies only to motion stimuli, and 10 patients had abnormal latencies in both R-VEPs and M-VEPs. During the follow-up period, 7 patients displayed shortening to normal latencies. In 5 patients, VEPs latencies improved only partially, and in the remaining 12 patients, VEPs did not improve at all. This study provides objective evidence that in LNB, most of the patients without clinically manifesting ON display optic pathway involvement-predominantly magnocellular system/dorsal stream function changes. In patients with ON, however, mainly the parvocellular system is affected. About half of the patients without ON improved with a relatively long-time course of latency shortening.

PMID:
22469684
DOI:
10.1097/WNP.0b013e31824e1013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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