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J AOAC Int. 2012 Jan-Feb;95(1):238-43.

Determination of natural pesticides in fresh fruits using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.

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University of Murcia, Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Geology and Pedology, Campus Espinardo, s/n, 30100 Murcia, Spain.


An analytical procedure was developed for the determination of some natural pesticides (piperonyl butoxide, nicotine, rotenone, spinosad, and abamectin B1a) in fruit matrixes. The quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) method was used for extraction. Analysis of the extract was performed by LC-electrospray ionization (ESI)-MS/MS. The ions prominent in the ESI spectra were [M+Na]+ for abamectin B1a, [M+NH4]+ for piperonyl butoxide, and [M+H]+ for the rest of the compounds. A Zorbax SB-C18 column was used with a programmed gradient mobile phase consisting of (A) water containing 0.1% formic acid and 5 mM ammonium formate, and (B) acetonitrile containing 2 mM sodium acetate. The method was linear within the investigated concentration range, displaying a calibration curve correlation factor of 0.99. The CVs obtained were below 20%, and recoveries were in the 70-110% range.

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