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J Cell Sci. 2012 Jul 1;125(Pt 13):3185-94. doi: 10.1242/jcs.101386. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

A crucial role for Ras suppressor-1 (RSU-1) revealed when PINCH and ILK binding is disrupted.

Author information

1
Department of Oncological Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA.

Abstract

PINCH, integrin-linked kinase (ILK) and Ras suppressor-1 (RSU-1) are molecular scaffolding proteins that form a physical complex downstream of integrins, and have overlapping roles in cellular adhesion. In Drosophila, PINCH and ILK colocalize in cells and have indistinguishable functions in maintaining wing adhesion and integrin to actin linkage in the muscle. We sought to determine whether the direct physical interaction between PINCH and ILK was essential for their functions using transgenic flies expressing a version of PINCH with a point mutation that disrupts ILK binding (PINCH(Q38A)). We demonstrate that the PINCH-ILK interaction is not required for viability, for integrin-mediated adhesion of the wing or muscle, or for maintaining appropriate localization or levels of either PINCH or ILK. These results suggest alternative modes for PINCH localization, stabilization and linkage to the actin cytoskeleton that are independent of a direct interaction with ILK. Furthermore, we identified a synthetic lethality in flies carrying both the PINCH(Q38A) mutation and a null mutation in the gene encoding RSU-1. This lethality does not result from PINCH mislocalization or destabilization, and illustrates a novel compensatory role for RSU-1 in maintaining viability in flies with compromised PINCH-ILK binding. Taken together, this work highlights the existence of redundant mechanisms in adhesion complex assembly that support integrin function in vivo.

PMID:
22467865
PMCID:
PMC3434853
DOI:
10.1242/jcs.101386
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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