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J Clin Apher. 2012;27(3):132-7. doi: 10.1002/jca.21224. Epub 2012 Mar 29.

Therapeutic apheresis in pediatrics: technique adjustments, indications and nonindications, a plasma exchange focus.

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Division of Laboratory Medicine, Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, Children's National Medical Center and George Washington School of Medicine and Health Science, Washington, DC, USA.


Therapeutic Apheresis procedures are associated with multiple and unique challenges in children. The procedures are often performed using evidence or experience extrapolated from adult clinical practice, which may not be evidenced based. In addition to the clinical challenges, relevant psychological issues, modification of protocols and technical hardware are often necessary for safe and effective treatment in children. The following review addresses these aspects of therapeutic apheresis in children as presented at the Therapeutic Apheresis Academy in September 2011. Because of the variety of therapeutic apheresis procedures that can be performed in children, for the purposes of this review, an emphasis will be on the performance of plasma exchange in children.

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