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Nucleic Acids Res. 2012 Jul;40(13):6135-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gks273. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

TricycloDNA-modified oligo-2'-deoxyribonucleotides reduce scavenger receptor B1 mRNA in hepatic and extra-hepatic tissues--a comparative study of oligonucleotide length, design and chemistry.

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1
Isis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 2855 Gazelle Court, Carlsbad, CA 92010, USA.

Abstract

We report the evaluation of 20-, 18-, 16- and 14-mer phosphorothioate (PS)-modified tricycloDNA (tcDNA) gapmer antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) in T(m), cell culture and animal experiments and compare them to their gap-matched 20-mer 2'-O-methoxyethyl (MOE) and 14-mer 2',4'-constrained ethyl (cEt) counterparts. The sequence-matched 20-mer tcDNA and MOE ASOs showed similar T(m) and activity in cell culture under free-uptake and cationic lipid-mediated transfection conditions, while the 18-, 16- and 14-mer tcDNA ASOs were moderate to significantly less active. These observations were recapitulated in the animal experiments where the 20-mer tcDNA ASO formulated in saline showed excellent activity (ED(50) 3.9 mg/kg) for reducing SR-B1 mRNA in liver. The tcDNA 20-mer ASO also showed better activity than the MOE 20-mer in several extra-hepatic tissues such as kidney, heart, diaphragm, lung, fat, gastrocnemius and quadriceps. Interestingly, the 14-mer cEt ASO showed the best activity in the animal experiments despite significantly lower T(m) and 5-fold reduced activity in cell culture relative to the 20-mer tcDNA and MOE-modified ASOs. Our experiments establish tcDNA as a useful modification for antisense therapeutics and highlight the role of chemical modifications in influencing ASO pharmacology and pharmacokinetic properties in animals.

PMID:
22467214
PMCID:
PMC3401458
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gks273
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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