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Water Sci Technol. 2012;65(8):1392-8. doi: 10.2166/wst.2012.015.

Optimised photocatalytic degradation of a mixture of azo dyes using a TiO(2)/H(2)O(2)/UV process.

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Postgraduate Program of Chemical Engineering, Paraná West State University, Toledo, PR, Brazil.


The aim of the present study was to optimise the photocatalytic degradation of a mixture of six commercial azo dyes, by exposure to UV radiation in an aqueous solution containing TiO(2)-P25. Response surface methodology, based on a 3(2) full factorial experimental design with three replicates was employed for process optimisation with respect to two parameters: TiO(2) (0.1-0.9 g/L) and H(2)O(2) (1-100 mmol/L). The optimum conditions for photocatalytic degradation were achieved at concentrations of 0.5 g TiO(2)/L and 50 mmol H(2)O(2)/L, respectively. Dye mineralisation was confirmed by monitoring TOC, conductivity, sulfate and nitrate ions, with a sulfate ion yield of 96% under optimal reactor conditions. Complete decolorisation was attained after 240 min irradiation time for all tested azo-dyes, in a process which followed a pseudo-first kinetic order model, with a kinetic rate constant of approximately 0.018 min(-1). Based on these results, this photocatalytic process has promise as an alternative for the treatment of textile effluents.

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