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Biomaterials. 2012 Jun;33(18):4665-72. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2012.02.049. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

A protein transduction method using oligo-arginine (3R) for the delivery of transcription factors into cell nuclei.

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1
Department of Physiology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.

Abstract

Protein transduction with cell-penetrating peptides such as poly-arginine and HIV TAT peptides is widely used to deliver proteins, peptides, siRNA and biologically active compounds. It has been thought that poly-arginine peptides transduce proteins in a manner dependent on the number of arginine residues and oligo-peptides such as three arginines (3R) are ineffective. Here we showed that 3R-fused proteins were effectively delivered and functioned in cells co-treated with pyrenebutyrate, a counteranion bearing an aromatic hydrophobic moiety. Little 3R was transduced in glioma cells without pyrenebutyrate whereas the oligo-arginine was effectively delivered with pyrenebutyrate. Enhanced green fluorescence protein (eGFP) fused with 3R was effectively delivered into various kinds of cells including primary cultured cells and suspended cells in the presence of pyrenebutyrate. p53 fused with 3R (3R-p53) was delivered into glioma cells without pyrenebutyrate but could not be translocated into the nucleus. In contrast, 3R-p53 was observed in nuclei of glioma cells when co-applied with pyrenebutyrate. Although 3R-p53 was delivered less effectively than 11R-p53 with pyrenebutyrate, its transcriptional activity was higher than that of 11R-p53. Moreover, a single administration of 3R-p53 with pyrenebutyrate significantly inhibited the growth of cancer cells. These results suggest protein transduction using an oligo-arginine (3R) with pyrenebutyrate to be a good tool for the delivery of functional transcription factors and a promising method of treating cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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