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J Immunol. 1990 Dec 1;145(11):3594-600.

Rapid stimulation of large specific antibody responses with conjugates of antigen and anti-IgD antibody.

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Department of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814-4799.


Injection of mice with goat anti-mouse IgD antibody stimulates a large IgG1 anti-goat IgG antibody response, as well as polyclonal IgG1 production. To determine if this phenomenon could be used to induce large antibody responses to other Ag, covalent conjugates were produced between BSA or other Ag and H delta a/1, a mAb specific for IgD of the a allotype, and between BSA and AF3.33, a mAb specific for IgD of the b allotype. Injection of H delta a/1-BSA into BALB/c mice, which express Ig of the a allotype, or into (BALB/c x CB20)F1 mice (a x b allotype heterozygotes) induced IgG1 anti-BSA antibody responses that peaked 8 to 9 days after injection, and were more than 1000 times larger than those induced by injection of BSA alone, and 100 times larger than those induced by injecting unconjugated BSA plus H delta a/1. H delta a/1-BSA was no more immunogenic than unconjugated BSA when injected into CB20 mice, which express Ig of the b allotype, while AF3.33-BSA greatly enhanced anti-BSA antibody production in CB20, but not in BALB/c mice. Mice serially immunized with three different Ag conjugated to H delta a/1 made large antibody responses to all three Ag, provided that the mouse strain used did not recognize allotypic determinants on H delta a/1 as foreign and produce a neutralizing antibody response. Intravenous and s.c. routes of inoculation produced responses of similar magnitude and relatively low variability; responses to footpad or intramuscular inoculation were more variable, and i.p. inoculation induced smaller responses. Injection of BALB/c mice i.v. with 100 micrograms of H delta a/1-BSA induced an IgG1 anti-BSA response of 5.6 mg/ml, which was approximately 70% of the total IgG1 response. Anti-BSA responses to 30 micrograms of conjugate or less were much smaller, but could be considerably enhanced by adding unconjugated H delta a/1 to the inoculum. This system will be useful for the rapid stimulation of large antibody responses to biologically important Ag, and for investigating mechanisms of Ag processing and B and T cell activation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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