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J Hazard Mater. 2012 May 30;217-218:85-91. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.02.071. Epub 2012 Mar 5.

Prussian blue caged in spongiform adsorbents using diatomite and carbon nanotubes for elimination of cesium.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Abstract

We developed a spongiform adsorbent that contains Prussian blue, which showed a high capacity for eliminating cesium. An in situ synthesizing approach was used to synthesize Prussian blue inside diatomite cavities. Highly dispersed carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were used to form CNT networks that coated the diatomite to seal in the Prussian blue particles. These ternary (CNT/diatomite/Prussian-blue) composites were mixed with polyurethane (PU) prepolymers to produce a quaternary (PU/CNT/diatomite/Prussian-blue), spongiform adsorbent with an in situ foaming procedure. Prussian blue was permanently immobilized in the cell walls of the spongiform matrix and preferentially adsorbed cesium with a theoretical capacity of 167 mg/g cesium. Cesium was absorbed primarily by an ion-exchange mechanism, and the absorption was accomplished by self-uptake of radioactive water by the quaternary spongiform adsorbent.

PMID:
22464752
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.02.071
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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