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Gac Sanit. 2012 Sep-Oct;26(5):457-9. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2012.01.018. Epub 2012 Mar 29.

Psychoactive pharmaceutical residues in the watersheds of Galicia (Spain).

Author information

1
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Medical Immunology and Microbiology, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón (Madrid), Spain. saraestgn@telefonica.net

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To monitor the presence of pharmaceutical residues of 14 psychoactive drugs belonging to three therapeutic groups in the watersheds of Galicia (Spain).

METHOD:

Five sewage treatment plants were selected in the main cities of Galicia. Thirteen psychoactive pharmaceutical compounds and one metabolite were chosen. In addition, tap water samples were taken from public places and private residences in the selected cities.

RESULTS:

In all the water samples analyzed, the highest concentrations corresponded to the group of anxiolytics. In particular, high concentrations of lorazepam were found in river and tap water samples.

CONCLUSIONS:

This investigation demonstrates the presence of psychoactive pharmaceuticals in the watersheds of the autonomous region of Galicia and the conversion of metabolites to parent compounds. This work also shows the need to increase environmental monitoring of watersheds and to improve sewage and drinking water treatment processes to remove these pharmaceuticals.

PMID:
22464026
DOI:
10.1016/j.gaceta.2012.01.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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