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Leuk Lymphoma. 2012 Oct;53(10):1949-52. doi: 10.3109/10428194.2012.679360. Epub 2012 May 22.

Elevated lactate dehydrogenase levels detected during routine follow-up do not predict relapse in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who achieve complete remission after primary treatment with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone-like immunochemotherapy.

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1
Mount Vernon Cancer Centre, Mount Vernon Hospital, Northwood, Middlesex, UK. dima@doctors.org.uk

Abstract

A significant minority of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who enter a complete remission following standard first-line immunochemotherapy will relapse. A primary aim of follow-up is to detect early relapse, with the hope of improving outcome following salvage chemotherapy. It is often routine to measure lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) as part of follow-up; however, the evidence for the utility of LDH as a predictor for relapse is scant. A retrospective analysis of the LDH results recorded during the follow-up of 102 patients with DLBCL who achieved a CR following treatment was undertaken in order to determine the utility of LDH as a predictor for relapse (median follow-up 24 months). Despite the fact that the sensitivity of LDH was 69% (95% confidence interval [CI] 39-91), the positive predictive value (PPV) of a raised LDH was only 9/63, 14% (95% CI 6.7-25). Furthermore, in eight of the nine patients who had a raised LDH prior to relapse, symptoms suggestive of relapse were documented simultaneously. As the PPV of a raised LDH is so low and because a raised LDH may cause unnecessary worry, leading to unnecessary radiological investigations, routine evaluation of LDH in patients with DLBCL who achieve CR and who are asymptomatic is not recommended.

PMID:
22462615
DOI:
10.3109/10428194.2012.679360
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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