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Ann Med. 2013 Feb;45(1):85-90. doi: 10.3109/07853890.2012.671534. Epub 2012 Apr 2.

Two founder mutations in the alpha-tropomyosin and the cardiac myosin-binding protein C genes are common causes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in the Finnish population.

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Heart Center, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.



Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is predominantly caused by a large number of various mutations in the genes encoding sarcomeric proteins. However, two prevalent founder mutations for HCM in the alpha-tropomyosin (TPM1-D175N) and myosin-binding protein C (MYBPC3-Q1061X) genes have previously been identified in eastern Finland.


To assess the prevalence of these founder mutations in a large population of patients with HCM from all over Finland. Patients and methods. We screened for two founder mutations (TPM1-D175N and MYBPC3-Q1061X) in 306 unrelated Finnish patients with HCM from the regions covering a population of ∼4,000,000.


The TPM1-D175N mutation was found in 20 patients (6.5%) and the MYBPC3-Q1061X in 35 patients (11.4%). Altogether, the two mutations accounted for 17.9% of the HCM cases. In addition, 61 and 59 relatives of the probands were found to be carriers of TPM1-D175N and MYBPC3-Q1061X, respectively. The mutations showed regional clustering. TPM1-D175N was prevalent in central and western Finland, and MYBPC3-Q1061X in central and eastern Finland.


The TPM1-D175N and MYBPC3-Q1061X mutations account for a substantial part of all HCM cases in the Finnish population, indicating that routine genetic screening of these mutations is warranted in Finnish patients with HCM.

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