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Cancer Res. 2012 May 15;72(10):2589-99. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-11-3795. Epub 2012 Mar 28.

Interleukin-17 promotes formation and growth of prostate adenocarcinoma in mouse models.

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Department of Structural & Cellular Biology, School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.


The contributions of interleukin (IL)-17 to cancer remain unclear and somewhat controversial. We took a genetic approach to explore its role in prostate cancers by interbreeding IL-17 receptor C (IL-17RC)-deficient mice with mice that are conditionally mutant for PTEN, one established preclinical model for prostate cancer. Mice that were IL-17RC-deficient (IL-17RC(-)) displayed prostates that were smaller than mice that maintained IL-17RC expression (IL-17RC(+)). In addition, IL-17RC(-) mice developed a reduced number of invasive prostate adenocarcinomas with lower rates of cellular proliferation and higher apoptosis than IL-17RC(+) mice. Moreover, the fibromuscular stroma surrounding prostatic glands was relatively thicker in IL-17RC(-) mice and was associated with decreased matrix metalloproteinase (Mmp)7 expression and increased Timp1, 2, and 4 expression, whereas administration of recombinant mouse IL-17 induced prostatic expression of Mmp7. Taken together, our results suggested that IL-17 promotes the formation and growth of prostate adenocarcinoma, and that an IL-17-MMP7 signaling axis is required for the transition of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia to frank adenocarcinoma.

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