Send to

Choose Destination
Med Oncol. 2012 Dec;29(5):3291-7. doi: 10.1007/s12032-012-0227-7. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

Comparative efficacy of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor as second-line therapy in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma after the failure of first-line VEGF TKI.

Author information

Department of Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88, Olympic-Ro 43-Gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736, Korea.


Sequential therapy is a standard strategy used to overcome the limitations of targeted agents in metastatic renal cell carcinoma. It remains unclear whether a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor is a more effective second-line therapy after first-line vascular endothelial growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (VEGF TKI) has failed than the alternative, VEGF TKI. A clinical database was used to identify all patients with renal cell carcinoma who failed at first-line VEGF TKI and then treated with second-line VEGF TKI or mTOR inhibitors in the Asan Medical Center. Patient medical characteristics, radiological response and survival status were assessed. Of the 83 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 41 received second-line VEGF TKI [sunitinib (n = 16) and sorafenib (n = 25)] and 42 were treated with mTOR inhibitors [temsirolimus (n = 11) and everolimus (n = 31)]. After a median follow-up duration of 23.9 months (95 % CI, 17.8-30.0), progression-free survival was 3.0 months for both groups [hazard ratio (HR, VEGF TKI vs. mTOR inhibitor) = 0.97, 95 % CI 0.59-1.62, P = 0.92]. Overall survival was 10.6 months for the VEGF TKI group and 8.2 months for the mTOR inhibitor group (HR = 0.98, 95 % CI 0.57-1.68, P = 0.94). The two groups did not differ significantly in terms of disease control rate (51 % for VEGF TKI and 59 % for mTOR inhibitor, P = 0.75). Second-line VEGF TKI seems to be as effective as mTOR inhibitors and may be a viable option as a second-line agent after first-line anti-VEGF agents have failed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center