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Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2013 Jan;27(1):35-44. doi: 10.1177/1545968312440744. Epub 2012 Mar 28.

Referral to rehabilitation after severe traumatic brain injury: results from the PariS-TBI Study.

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AP-HP, Hôpital R. Poincaré, Service de Médecine Physique et Réadaptation, Garches, France.



After a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), some patients are discharged home without rehabilitation, although rehabilitation is assumed to improve outcome.


To assess factors that predict referral to rehabilitation following acute care. This study is part of a larger inception cohort study assessing the care network in the Parisian area (France).


Between July 2005 and April 2007, 504 adults with severe TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale score ≤ 8) were prospectively recruited by mobile emergency services. This study included 254 acute care survivors (80% male, median age 32 years). Data regarding demographics, injury severity, and acute care pathway were collected. The first analysis compared patients referred to a rehabilitation facility with patients discharged to a living place. The second analysis compared patients referred to a specialized neurorehabilitation (NR) facility with patients referred to nonspecialized rehabilitation. Univariate and multivariate statistics were computed.


. In all, 162 patients (64%) were referred to rehabilitation, 115 (45%) of which were referred to NR and 47 (19%) to nonspecialized rehabilitation. The following factors were significantly predictive of nonreferral to rehabilitation: living alone, a lower income professional category, pretraumatic alcohol abuse, lower TBI severity, and transfer through a nonspecialized medical ward before discharge. Patients referred to specialized NR were significantly younger and from a higher income professional category.


These results raise concern regarding care pathways because many patients were discharged to living places, probably without adequate assessment and management of rehabilitation needs. Injury severity and social characteristics influenced discharge destination.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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