Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Cancer. 2012 Apr 10;106(8):1395-405. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2012.81. Epub 2012 Mar 29.

Impact of mutant β-catenin on ABCB1 expression and therapy response in colon cancer cells.

Author information

1
Charité Medical Faculty, Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany. ustein@mdc-berlin.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Colorectal cancers are often chemoresistant toward antitumour drugs that are substrates for ABCB1-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR). Activation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway is frequently observed in colorectal cancers. This study investigates the impact of activated, gain-of-function β-catenin on the chemoresistant phenotype.

METHODS:

The effect of mutant (mut) β-catenin on ABCB1 expression and promoter activity was examined using HCT116 human colon cancer cells and isogenic sublines harbouring gain-of-function or wild-type β-catenin, and patients' tumours. Chemosensitivity towards 24 anticancer drugs was determined by high throughput screening.

RESULTS:

Cell lines with mut β-catenin showed high ABCB1 promoter activity and expression. Transfection and siRNA studies demonstrated a dominant role for the mutant allele in activating ABCB1 expression. Patients' primary colon cancer tumours shown to express the same mut β-catenin allele also expressed high ABCB1 levels. However, cell line chemosensitivities towards 24 MDR-related and non-related antitumour drugs did not differ despite different β-catenin genotypes.

CONCLUSION:

Although ABCB1 is dominantly regulated by mut β-catenin, this did not lead to drug resistance in the isogenic cell line model studied. In patient samples, the same β-catenin mutation was detected. The functional significance of the mutation for predicting patients' therapy response or for individualisation of chemotherapy regimens remains to be established.

PMID:
22460269
PMCID:
PMC3327894
DOI:
10.1038/bjc.2012.81
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center